The statue of liberty was made in Paris by the French sculptor, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi, in collaboration with Gustave Eiffel. It was then gifted to the United States of America on the 4th of July 1884, to celebrate centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. The statue is a masterpiece of the human creative spirit and represents one of the greatest technical exploits of the 19th century.
The original idea was presented by Edouard de Laboulaye in 1865 and it was a joint effort between America and France. French supporters raised the money to build the statue and the Americans paid for the pedestal on which it would stand. The statue was named “Liberty Enlightening the World” and represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom. The seven rays in the crown represent the earth’s seven seas.
The statue is 46 metres and 2.5 centimetres tall and was the tallest structure in the USA at the time. The arm holding the torch is 14 metres long, the index finger is 2.5 metres long and the nose is almost 1.5 metres long. The statue sways 7.62 centimetres in the wind and visitors must climb 354 steps to visit the crown.